Despite relative stability, Somaliland remains in a fragile situation, where multiple threats and shocks co-exist and may risk reversing economic gain unless they are addressed in a strategic and sustainable manner, Populations in Somaliland are recurrently acutely food insecure (IPC Phase 3 and above), with the Sool and Sanaag regions being often the worst affected. The recurrence of populations falling back into food insecurity in Somaliland demonstrates that their resilience and the resilience of their food system is low, further demonstrating that current interventions and programming are not sufficient. Much of Somaliland’s economic growth is attributable to livestock production and trade, which is the dominant system of production in the country. Livestock is the most important foreign exchange earner of Somaliland, which gets around US$200 million from the export of livestock mainly to Saudi Arabia. However, droughts, overgrazing, land degradation, and an underdeveloped feed/fodder value chain lead to frequent shortages.
What does FNS-REPRO do in Somaliland?
In Somaliland, FNS-REPRO focuses on the fodder value chain, which cuts across humanitarian and development interventions, with numerous missing links in between (particularly its access and use by poor pastoralists). Fodder represents both a major need and opportunity, considering its scarcity, demand and market potential, and it being a recurrent need in humanitarian response that is difficult, costly and inefficient to import as experienced during the 2016/17 drought. The programme’s overall outcome will be resilient livelihoods and food systems and contributions to sustainable localized peace. This will be achieved through improved inclusive access and management of local natural resources, improved livelihood and income opportunities along the fodder value chain, enhanced knowledge, skills and capacity of local communities around nutrition-sensitive livelihood support, and establish and implement a learning mechanism that reinforces field activities and facilitates improved policy and practice on food system resilience. FNS-REPRO proposed activities centred on the fodder value chain in Somaliland will increase the resilience of communities and their food security status by:
- Increasing fodder and feed production and reducing production costs, through capacity building, aggregation, increasing storage capacity and processing capacity, and achieving economies of scale;
- Restoration of degraded rangelands and actions against desertification, such as Prosopis management and community tree planting;
- Strengthening the capacity of agro-pastoral and pastoral producer organizations to effectively participate in the feed/fodder value chain, and;
- Promoting good agriculture practices to maximize crop yields and improve the nutrition quality of crop residues while diversifying food available for people.
Since there are numerous cross-border and regional dimensions to food system resilience such as pastoralism, conflict and migration patterns, and sustainable natural resource management, FNS-REPRO has been designed with a dedicated regional (learning) component.
Nugaal University was established by academicians and professionals from Sol Region on 15th September 2004, as to meet the academic needs of the region. Since its establishment, this institution contributed to the sustainable peace and development of the region and it pioneered the higher education of Sol Region. Nugaal University is committed to the development of teaching/learning, research and community service for solidified symbiosis.
Sanaag University is a public university in (Ceerigaabo) the capital City of Sanaag region the eastern edge of Somaliland.
Horn of Africa Voluntary Youth Committee (HAVOYOCO) is a regional Non -governmental Organization (NGO) operating in Somaliland and Ethiopia. HAVAYOCO was founded in 1992 and since its inception, it has successfully implemented different development projects in Somaliland and Ethiopia.