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The Darfur conflict triggered an unprecedented international humanitarian response that continues to date. Over the past five years, the Government of Sudan and international actors have even been actively seeking ways to shift from humanitarian response to early recovery, prevention, and building resilience. Despite a reduction in violence, the structural drivers of conflict in Darfur remain largely unaddressed. Such drivers include poor rule of law, lack of services, political and social conflict, uncertain land tenure, unsustainable management of natural resources, and the weakening of social infrastructure. As a result of environmental degradation, the shrinking natural resource base further contributes to food insecurity and greater competition over access to land. This has directly contributed to violence around control of water points, between nomadic pastoralist communities as grazing routes become less productive, between nomads and settled farming communities over grazing rights on farmland, and between farming communities over who has control of productive farmland.

The gum arabic value chain has been selected as the FNS-REPRO entry point. This is because it plays a central element in people’s livelihood strategies ranging from survival (during humanitarian crises) to improved management of new and existing resources; to providing additional income-earning opportunities and livelihood diversification (stabilization and development). The gum arabic value chain is essential to the farming system and the resilience of target beneficiaries’ in Darfur.

What does FNS-REPRO do in Sudan?

The programme’s overall outcome will be resilient livelihoods and food systems and contributions to sustainable localized peace, This will be achieved through improved inclusive access and management of local natural resources; improved livelihood and income opportunities along the Gum Arabic value chain; enhanced knowledge, skills and capacity of local communities around nutrition-sensitive livelihood support, establish and implement a learning mechanism that reinforces field activities and facilitates improved policy and practice on food system resilience. FNS-REPRO’s activities centred on the gum arabic value chain in Darfur will increase the resilience of communities and their food security status by:

  • -Diversifying livelihoods and increasing incomes, through improving technical, organizational and commercial capacity to produce and market gum arabic;
  • -Supporting landscape restoration and reducing degradation, thus building back the green belt in Darfur;
  • -Reducing conflict between crop and livestock producers, through rehabilitating livestock corridors and increasing fodder availability; and
  • -Increasing the share in the benefits of the gum arabic production for women and youth, such as through the support of existing and creation of new dedicated women and youth producer groups.

Since there are numerous cross-border and regional dimensions to food system resilience such as pastoralism, conflict and migration patterns, and sustainable natural resource management, FNS-REPRO has been designed with a dedicated regional learning component. In addition, FAO will strengthen animal feed data and information, reporting, and communication systems and tools; thus linking resilience, food security and conflict with natural resource shortages, increasing variability and extreme weather.

Implementing Partners

Forests National Corporation North and East Darfur

The Forest Department was established in 1902. In 1989, the forestry administration was changed into a Forests National Corporation with a management board responsible only to the Minister for Agriculture and Forestry. The main objective of the change was to reduce bureaucracy, to enhance forest management performance and to return revenue from forest products into forest management. The Forests National Corporation (FNC) has a strong planning department equipped with a computer system and small database provided by donor projects.


Sahari Organization for Development North & East Darfur (SAHARI)

Sahari Organization for Development is an environmental, humanitarian, voluntary, community-based organization committed to human dignity and self-reliance. SAHARI originated in 2005 and was registered as a national non-governmental organization (NGO) at the Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) in 2016. SAHARI works to support the livelihood of communities affected by conflict, drought and natural disasters including Internally Displaced People (IDPs), refugees, returnees and host communities.


The Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning

The Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning aims to improve and develop internal resources and modernize new other resources by introducing mechanisms which enable us to increase potential resources and, employ it effectively, Not only that but also work to attract external resources and orient them toward production to realize a high growth rate in GDP to achieve required social and economic objectives.


Al Fashir University

Al Fashir University is a public university in al-Fashir, the capital city of North Darfur, Sudan

Eldaein University

Founded in 2016, Eldaein University is a non-profit public higher education institution located in the medium city of Ed Daein (population range of 250,000-499,999 inhabitants), East Darfur. Officially recognized by the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research of Sudan, Eldaein University is a coeducational Sudanese higher education institution.


University of Kordofan

University of Kordofan is a national governmental University with regard to ongoing policies, admission and funding. The university is located in Elobeid City, capital of the state of North Kordofan.